How To Control Pond Muck
What is the pond “muck”? Muck and sludge that builds up on the bottom of your lake or pond consist of decaying weeds, algae and other material, like leaves, that are slowly decomposing. In other words a huge "compost pile" on the bottom of your pond which is not only makes swimming unpleasant due to the stink when you walk in it and stir it up. This accumulation of muck provides nutrients to feed all the pond weeds and algae that contribute to the destruction of your beautiful pond.
Getting rid of the "compost pile" is the solution to many pond problems, including nuisance water weeds and algae. Having the pond dredged (which can be costly, and very messy) may not be necessary in many cases. First, use a pond rake to remove the debris. Next, add our muck digesting beneficial bacteria pellets and an aerator to break down and decompose more sludge and much faster! Beneficial bacteria is absolutely vital in a pond and is naturally found in every pond and lake.
Some ponds don't have a properly balanced ecological system. Balance can refer to the number of fish, the quantity and types of plants, the amount of exposure to sunlight (pond dye), the volume of water, the balance of chemicals in the water, etc. In most cases, it is advantageous to add maintenance beneficial bacteria on a continual basis, during the warm months, to keep decomposing the "compost pile" on the bottom of the pond that has been building up for many years. A decade of compost cannot be digested in one season, but results will be observed within weeks of starting your clean up program.
If you have a large amount of weeds in addition to the sludge and muck build up, use an aquatic herbicide and or Triploid Grass Carp to remove the weeds. Remember that if you use an aquatic herbicide to kill the weeds that it is to your advantage to remove those dead weeds. This is a lot of work but you are taking years off in the recovery of your pond. First, you will have to identify the types of pond weeds you have. A professional pond evaluation can identify the types of weeds and recommend appropriate products to kill them.
If you don't want to use a herbicide, you can get a pond weed rake, weed cutter (like the weed razor) and a Parachute Skimmer to start removing the weeds manually. We also suggest hiring the neighborhood kids for this task! You may want to lower the water level of your pond to do this. After removing weeds, add your bacteria product and a proper sized aerator.
Use the aerator 365 days a year (they're quite inexpensive to run, very effective at providing good aeration to your pond and keeping it healthy) and add bacteria as recommended. Maintaining your pond this way will definitely get rid of the "muck" and sludge on the bottom of the pond and deter more weeds from growing in the future. We have a windmill and solar aerators for remote locations. Smith Creek Fish Farm's pond biologists are experts at matching your pond or lake with the proper aerator An aerator will increase the beneficial bacteria's effectiveness, disrupt the thermocline and reduce bad bacteria that grow in deeper water where there is no oxygen.
An aerator will provide the oxygen to the deep water and therefore eliminate the anaerobic or "bad types" of bacteria. We provide professional pond evaluation services online that are certainly going to make sure your clean up plan it tailored to your individual pond or lake situation.